Sunday, May 24, 2020

Racism in Film Hidden Fugures - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1303 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/02/05 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Racism Essay Did you like this example? Introduction The movie industry has come a long way since its beginning in the 1890’s. New developments in equipments have emerged, genres have grown and expanded, and the industry makes billions each year with its films. Many things have been improved, including the portrayal of minority characters on screen. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Racism in Film Hidden Fugures" essay for you Create order Equality with the actors themselves and the characters they have portrayed has been a defining feature. Going away from supporting roles and getting more and more lead parts, black actresses and actors are no longer being overlooked, like they had been in the past. Seeing the evolution in change from Birth of a Nation, to award winning films, like Hidden Figures, it is great to see how the industry has changed for the better. I chose to focus on this area because of a Ethnicity in Film class that I took and it is an area that I really enjoyed learning about. It is sad to think how people were treated in the past, and even with their contributions and accomplishments in movies were still overlooked because of the color of their skin. It is great to see the changes that have been made to allow these actors and actresses to be given the parts they deserved, and parts that are not offensive and are great role models for those who watch it. Explanation of Communication Topic Movies have come a long way in history and Hidden Figures is a great example of that. While having three, serious lead roles that portrayed by black actresses, it shows how far the industry has come. In Donald Bogle’s book, Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks, he discusses how black women in the 1980’s rarely had a chance to have role of importance. Instead of having any roles of sustenance, they were casted into flashy roles, such as â€Å"Tina Turner, in metal-meshed mini dress, as Aunty Entity in Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985); [and] the young sex kitten, Lisa Bonet, used as the most exotic of tragic mulattoes in Alan Parker’s Angel Heart (1987)†(Bogle 263). These women were put into the same roles, just different variations for different movies. Any roles that any value to them were given to white actresses. Hidden Figures is a representation of history that did happen and this movie showcases the it. The movie made sure to focus on Katherin e, Mary and Dorothy, not sidestepping them to whitewash the movie by focusing on the others involved like Al Harrison (Kevin Costner), or Paul Stafford (Jim Parsons). There are many communication theories that could explain many aspects of why this racism used to exist in films. Muted Group Theory stood out the most during my research. Muted Group Theory talks about how since â€Å"language is man-made women remain reduced and excluded. Because words and norms have been created by men, women are disadvantaged in public. As women become less muted and more vocal, the dominant position of males in society will diminish.† (Communication Theories). In research done by Cheris Kramarae, discussing the theory, talks about how â€Å"people attached or assigned to subordinate groups may have a lot to say, but they tend to have relatively little power to say it without getting into a lot of trouble† (Kramarae). This theory is shown throughout multiple times in Hidden Figures with the â€Å"computers† and the working relationships between the men and the black women. I am looking into this theory specifically in how the group of black women in the movie were treated and the public disadvantages they faced during the time period. Explanation of Media Object In the movie, Muted Group Theory was shown a lot throughout the movie. It was mainly targeted to the black women, known as the computers, and the treatment they faced from their white male colleagues and even the white women as well. In a journal article, written by Miriam Lieway, discussed the racism and subsequently theory that was shown in the movie between Vivian Mitchell, the white female supervisor to the â€Å"computers,† a group of African American women computing calculations. She was the one that constantly turned down the application for any promotions for Dorothy and denied Mary’s application for more engineering training, repeating that is was just the way things were and that they should be happy that they even have these jobs. The article discussed how within the very sexist and racist workplace, Vivian went along with it like it was nothing. She managed the computers in a way that they were dispensable.. The article points this out in how she would spe ak of â€Å"NASA and rules, she used the pronouns we, us, our. When she referred to the Black women she used you or they. Even when asking for help, she could not overcome the mindset that Dorothy was the ‘other.’† (Leiway). In this movie, there are also parts where the characters are shown breaking the Muted Group Theory to try to overcome the obstacles that are put in their way. There is a paper written by Danyelle T Ireland, and other colleagues on â€Å"how students in STEM fields who are members of intersecting marginalized groups have distinctive experiences related to their social identities, other psychological processes, and educational outcomes.† The paper looks into the lives of black and female students and their education. They looked into how the different racialized and gendered experiences influenced the educations that they received. In their analysis, they highlighted â€Å"the ways that researchers have employed intersectionality to make the experiences of Black women and girls in STEM education more visible, or ‘unhidden.’† (Ireland). Specifically with Mary, she faced the most discrimination with education, having to go to a judge to get special permission to attend classes at an all white school for graduate-level physics courses. Even though the judge did grant her permission, she had to attend only the night classes, being hidden by the darkness of night. She pushed through barriers to continue her education to land a job that she had a huge passion for and pushing through the gender and racial barriers that were put before her. Conclusion Hidden Figures is a contemporary film that shows the hardships of the civil rights movement and segregation in daily life and in the workplace. Katherine Goble (Johnson), Mary Jackson and Dorothy Vaughan, portrayed by Janelle Monà ¡e, Taraji P. Henson and Octavia Spencer, are three woman who fought for their right to be heard in their jobs, working for NASA. During the movie, they have a chance to prove themselves worthy, as well as proving their coworkers that they are wrong about them and the importance of their contributions to put a man in to space. Normal moviegoers may not see all of the importance of this film. Some may see it as another form of entertainment, but it is a part of history that many had not known about beforehand. The cast is also diverse, with three black actresses as the top billed actor/actresses in the movie. This is valuable and shows how Hollywood is expanding in ways to make more diverse films that arent just there for comedy, but is there to experience . It is not just the movies that have evolved since its creation, but the people who are involved with it as well. Socially as opinions changed, so did the movies. It is hard to not want to burn all of the horribly racist films from the past, but importantly is is what happened and these old films should not be forgotten, but seen as an example of what we should not return to. Author J. Emmett Winn discusses how â€Å"the representation of African Americans in these films within the socio-political context of their times† (Winn) and the changes that the United States government made on its view of racism in filmmaking.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Walter Lees Dreams in A Raisin in The Sun Essay - 1408 Words

Lorraine Hansberrys A Raisin in the Sun is a play about segregation, triumph, and coping with personal tragedy. Set in Southside Chicago, A Raisin in the Sun focuses on the individual dreams of the Younger family and their personal achievement. The Youngers are an African American family besieged by poverty, personal desires, and the ultimate struggle against the hateful ugliness of racism. Lena Younger, Mama, is the protagonist of the story and the eldest Younger. She dreams of many freedoms, freedom to garden, freedom to raise a societal-viewed equal family, and freedom to live liberated of segregation. Next in succession is Beneatha Younger, Mamas daughter, assimilationist, and one who dreams of aiding people by breaking down†¦show more content†¦Yessir- whatever you want to be- you name it son! And I?ll hand you the world.? (108-09). Walter?s false confidence allows him to make such a strong promise to Travis. Walter is unable to see that these things he is promising Tra vis quite easily may not become reality because he is solely focused on his dreams. Therefore, he believes everything he promises as a result of his dream will become a reality. Furthermore, as a result of his sole focus on dreams, Walter is unable to associate himself with decent people. The prime example of this poor association is Willy Harris. At this present time in the novel, Walter is seeing the true extent of his impaired judgment due to focus on his dreams. As he discusses his ?business transaction? with Bobo, one of his colleagues, Walter is unable to see Willy Harris for the true epitomic evil doer he is. As his evident mental block continues, Bobo gives him insight on the growing problem, what?s a matter with you, Walter! When a cat takes with your money he don?t leave you no road maps. (128). Walter is beginning to learn the consequences of trusting a malevolent man like Willy Harris. Walter is solely focused on his dreams and quite palpably, it was a mistake. His judgm ent is so impaired, he trusts this man with the money Mama selflessly gives to him and his sister and it instantly vanishes. Finally, Walter is unable to see he is affecting those around him because he is singularly focused onShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Walter Lees Dream In A Raisin In The Sun900 Words   |  4 Pages In the drama, A Raisin in the Sun, Lorraine Hansberry sheds light on the hardships a struggling black family faces. As the long awaited insurance check arrives, the family debates on how to spend the money. Walter Lee exhibits frustration over his job and desires more success in his life. While Mama continuously worries that her sons dream of owning a liquor store is not the right path for the family, she believes her dream will be most beneficial for everyone. In addition, Ruth is pregnantRead MoreA Raisin in the Sun - 41047 Words   |  5 PagesTania Garcia A raisin in the sun Prof. Natalie Sandler November, 27, 2012 A Raisin in the sun In a Raisin in the sun people wondered about Walter Lee’s inner journey. A Raisin in the sun is a play that explorer’s the struggles of African American people who achieve their desires. It’s about an African American family trying to pursue an American dream of owning their own home but in the process they encounter racismRead More`` The Yellow Wallpaper `` By F. Scott Fitzgerald1017 Words   |  5 Pagescrisis is the narrator and her husband, John. The speaker of â€Å"One Art† by Bishop is moving on from a crisis with a lover. Tom and Daisy Buchanan’s relationship is also in a crisis in Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. In Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun, Ruth and Walter Lee’s marriage is at a critical point and may fall apart at any moment. Each couple makes unique decisions about the situation they are in and determines if the relationship will stand the final test. In â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper,† the narratorRead More Lorraine Hansberrys A Raisin In The Sun - Dignity and the American Dream1248 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican Dream in A Raisin in the Sun   Ã‚  Ã‚   The American Dream, although different for each of us, is what we all aspire to achieve. In Lorraine Hansberrys, play, A Raisin in the Sun, each member of the Younger family desperately hopes for their own opportunity to achieve the American Dream. The American Dream to the Younger family is to own a home, but beyond that, to Walter Younger, it is to be accepted by white society.    In the book entitled Advertising the American Dream, RolandRead MoreHarlem And The Sun By Langston Hughes1091 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?† This poem, Harlem, created a whole play based on one line (Hughes, 1055-1056). Langston Hughes wrote the poem Harlem due to his major role in the Harlem Renaissance. A Raisin in the Sun was concocted by Hughes one line, this play tells the story of an African American family living in the slums during a time when racial dilemmas were at an all time high. The family receives money from Mama’s husband passing away, but theRead MoreA Brief Note On The Sun And The Circumstances Of The Moulin Rouge Casino Essay1271 Words   |  6 Pagesracism’s effects deliver a harsh reality to victims. The novel Raisin in the Sun and the circumstances of the Moulin Rouge Hotel-Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada, tell how racism destroyed dreams and crushed the soul through dis crimination and lost opportunity. But there’s another side to the racism story. For some of the oppressed, discrimination and hardship will be fought with perseverance and achievement. In both the fictional Raisin in the Sun and the historical Moulin-Rouge Casino, a black woman, againstRead More A Role of the Women Essay1119 Words   |  5 PagesThe Role of a Woman In a Raisin in the Sun is a play about a family that lives on the South side of Chicago, a section of the city Hansberry once described as â€Å" a place apart†, where â€Å" each piece of our living is a protest â€Å". After the death of Walter Young (Big Walter), his wife, Lena (Mama), is the beneficiary of a $10,000 insurance policy. The money will be used to provide for the family’s future. Race, race relation and big Walter’s insurance money supply the thematic context for Hansberry’sRead MoreComparing Soul Food and A Raisin in the Sun Essay655 Words   |  3 PagesComparing Soul Food and A Raisin in the Sun Lorraine Hansberrys A Raisin in the Sun and George Tillmans box-office hit Soul Food explore the hardships and trials of black family life, and through the characters, setting, and theme of both the story and the film, the issue of class and the search for community is discussed. The theme indicated in these stories is the search for community. Mama Younger wanted her family to come closer. The more she tried, the farther apart they becameRead MoreElements used in Raisin in the Sun Essay1234 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Drama 160 Term Paper: Raisin in the Sun Lorraine Hansberry’s Raisin in the Sun is a monumental play in the theatrical world. Produced in 1959, it became the first play written by an African-American woman to hit the stage and was later nominated for several Tony Awards. The play touched many controversial themes of the time including racial discrimination and poverty. The design of Raisin in the Sun, including scenic, costume, lighting, and sound elements, were crucial to developing the plotRead MoreA Raisin in the Sun Essay1752 Words   |  8 PagesA Raisin in the Sun Creativity of Hansberry played a crucial role in the development of African-American drama since the Second World War. A Raisin in the Sun was the first play by African-American author which was set on Broadway and was honored by the circle of New York theater critics. Drama of A Raisin in the Sun (1959) brought Hansberry to the Award Society of New York Critics as the best play of the year. A Raisin in the Sun shows the life of an ordinary African-American family which dreams

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Titanic Free Essays

One of the best known films of all time, in my opinion, is â€Å"Titanicâ€Å". Directed by James Cameron in 1997, this film captured both my attention and my heart with the plot of a tragic event hand in hand with a love story with everything but a happy ending. He managed to combine TragedyThe real story behind this film is that of the ship of dreams also believed to be the unsinkable ship and its tragic journey to the ocean floor. We will write a custom essay sample on Titanic or any similar topic only for you Order Now The love story that caught all of our hearts is that of Jack Dawson and Rose. They’ve been brought together by this majesty boat from opposite ends of the spectrum in an era where status is everything. Timing was also against them with the pressure of Rose’s engagement to Cal Hockley. Rose’s snobby mother Ruth Dewitt was also a major obstacle to their relationship from the beginning and insists on the marriage of Rose and Cal Hockley because of his inheritance. The story is narrated by aged Rose to a group of explorers who wanted to know more details about the wreck of the Titanic. The movie begins with the exploration of the sunken Titanic by treasure hunter Brock Lovett and his team. They are searching for a necklace called the â€Å"Heart of the Oceanâ€Å". They believe the necklace is in Cal’s safe, which they recover. Instead of finding the priceless diamond, they find a drawing of a nude woman wearing the necklace, dated the same night the Titanic hit the iceberg, April 14, 1912. Rose Dawson sees the painting on TV and immediately contacts the explorers and tells them she is the woman in the drawing. Brock Lovett, being very interested in her story, brings Rose and her granddaughter Lizzy to the ship. When asked if she knows the whereabouts of the necklace, Rose recalls her memories in a flashback and brought us aboard the Titanic. The story begins with Jack and his best friend, Fabrizio, betting everything they have on a game of poker for life changing tickets to board the Titanic, minutes before its departure. They win the tickets and head for America on what was believed to be at the time, mans greatest creation, the Titanic. Rose and Jack were part of opposite social classes on the ship. Rose being the part of the wealthy stayed in first class quarters while Jack being part of the third class passengers belonged in the bowels of the ship. It wasn’t until one night that Rose was just fed up by the distress by the engagement and the pressure from her mother, that she come out to the dock and considers suicide. Seconds aways from reaching the point of no return and jumping, Jack comes from behind and talks her out of jumping. From that night on Jack and Rose develop a relationship of friendship with undeniable potential to be soul mates. Jack soon discovers the not so pleasant people of â€Å"high society,† and sees clearly why Rose is so desperate to break away from that world. Jack was looked down upon by Cal, Ruth, and most of Rose’s acquaintances. It was long before Cal and Ruth forbid that Rose see Jack. Weighing out her options, Rose decides to defy her mothers orders and meet with Jack. She soon realizes that Jack’s world and Jack himself is an escape from her marriage to Cal. This leads to one of the best scenes, where Rose takes Jack back to her room and asks him to draw a portrait of her wearing nothing but the heart of the ocean necklace, an engagement present from Cal. The same portrait that was found years later in Cal’s safe in place of the necklace itself. Afterwards, the two find their way to the ship’s cargo hold, where, for the first time, they make love. Perhaps one of the most steaming, lust filled scenes in movie history. After that scene Jack and Rose go up to the deck and experience what is going to change everyone’s life on that ship. The ship collides with an iceberg that the ships crew weren’t in time to prevent. They also overhear the crew speaking of the seriousness, so they get a heads up. They then rush to inform Cal and her mother. But before Rose reaches her mother and Cal to warn them about the collision with the iceberg, Cal confronts her. He has found the sketch that Jack had painted of her. He then plots against Jack by dropping the necklace into his coat pocket and frames him for being a thief. Jack is then arrested, taken to a room, and handcuffed to a pipe. Rose, being lied to about Jacks action, is then left with no choice but to leave with Cal. Cal, Ruth, and Rose then rush to one of the few life boats on the ship to try and escape what they already know will be a deadly end. As the minutes pass and the ship stands still on the icy cold sea water, panic on the ship grows immensely. As Rose takes her place in the lifeboat, she decides to leave Cal, he mother along with her safety and rejoin Jack on this shipwreck to be. Rose is racing frantically against the panicking crowds in an effort to fin and save Jack. She soon realizes that the deck she has to go thru is already a couple of feet underwater. Without hesitation, she continues and goes on to find the room where Jack is handcuffed. The room quickly begins to flood; and without a key to set Jack free, Rose goes back into the hallways and finds an axe. After only a couple practice hits, she swings the axe down and cuts thru the cuffs. By the time they get back to the deck the ship is halfway underwater. They make their way to the lifeboats but they were only letting the woman and children board. Rose of course didn’t leave him the first and doesn’t leave him this time either. Moments later everyone including Jack and Rose are racing to the front of the boat and it rises higher and higher into the sky. The ship now being in a 90 degree angle, Jack and Rose hold their breath as the boat finally goes underwater. After a few seconds of being separated they find each other in the icy cold water surrounded by fifteen hundred others shouting for help. They are hoping for the lifeboats to return for them. Meanwhile they come across this floating wooden board, buts it’s only big enough to sustain one of them. Rose lies on the wooden board and holds jacks hands and wait. Wait to die, wait for rescue, just wait. It gets quieter and quieter as the minutes pass, and finally one boat comes back. When Rose realizes that there’s a boat, she tries to wake up Jack only find him lifeless still holding on tight to her hand. Definitely the saddest moment of the movie, this scene brings me to tears. Rose then blows a whistle she had taken from one of the already dead officers floating next to them. With nothing but just a memory of Jack Dawson, Rose survives that’s horrific night to grow old and live life like Jack said she would. Rose finishes her remarkable story, and that same night she reveals that she had this diamond all along and returns it to where she always thought that it belonged. In my opinion of the most memorable scenes was the image of the thousands of people struggling in the ice cold dark waters when Rose came out of the water without Jack. I can picture it so vividly. Another scene that I remembered is where an old couple embraces each other in bed knowing that they were going to drown. The love scene in the car where the windows of the car are fogged up show the passion that Rose and Jack had for each other. Titanic is filled with the most impressive camera movements like the swooping motions around the moving ship which he uses various times throughout the movie. They’re just breathtaking. Probably the most epic and mind-blowing camera moves were those during the collision and sinking of the Titanic. The way you see people falling from the ship slamming into the water, hitting the objects on their way down to the swallowing ocean, one character even hit the propeller. Before the movie hit the big screen, the press was trashing Titanic, mainly because the cost of this film extremely over budget. Well let me be one of the many to say that it was worth every single penny. There is nothing I’ve seen in years that comes close to the power and glory of Titanic. Perhaps it’s because the movie was based on a real story. And, of course, it was a movie that contained drama, action, adventure and we cannot forget the romance. Titanic is also a symbol of a time when the movies swept you away in another world and kept you there. Even knowing what is to come at the end, your eyes will be transfixed. It’s that good. That’s why I believe this movie will be as popular and well known for many generation to come as it was the year it premiered and as recognizable as it is today. How to cite Titanic, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Online Grocery Business

Question (1) Analyse the current issues faced by the online groceries in Europe. What areas of the product delivery, customer service and Supply Change Management are they handling well? What are the key issues and problems that they are currently faced with? What are the future trends in the online grocery business? (2) Identify an Australian online store. Compare performance of this store with this store with the performance of the European Grocery Stores. What are the competitive advantages of the Australian seller? What are the areas where the Australian seller is falling behind? What e-commerce technologies and business processes would you advise the Australian company to adopt in order to improve its performance and increase its market share? Answer: (1) Over a period of time there has been significant change in the way organisations are doing business. Especially, due to increased penetration of internet, there has been rapid change in the existing business, and this is more evident in industries such as retail segment. Major retailers in Europe such as Asda, Tesco, Sainsburys etc. are rapidly adopting the hybrid model of grocery retailing (Rohm Swaminathan, 2014, pp.748-757). On one hand, increase in use of internet based technologies has created a scenario where every shopper wants to fulfil most of his shopping requirements through online e-commerce websites, on other hand retail organisations are focusing hard to fulfil customer expectation by using smart and customer friendly strategies such as launching online grocery websites. Even though major part of Europe continues to buy grocery from brick and mortar shops, there are significant changes taking place in the buying behaviour. People are increasingly moving towards sho pping their grocery from online grocery stores rather than visiting a brick and mortar based grocery retail store. Despite of encouraging signals in growth of online grocery stores, there has been significant number of challenges and issues which the organisations into online grocery sector are facing. In UK 4.5 % of total grocery sale in 2010 came from online channel; however growth in other parts of Europe has been relatively low. For example in Germany, online grocery sale comprises of just 0.2% of total sale. In Europe, United Kingdom can be considered as one of the most developed grocery market, with organisations like Asda, Tesco, Sainsburys etc. However despite of tremendous potential, online grocery companies are facing numerous issues and challenges. These are as follows: Demand side problem: One major reason behind slow growth of online grocery shopping is the demand related issue. For example, in click and cash model of online grocery shopping consumers do not like paying for delivery fees, neither they like waiting for deliveries, and at times items which they receive from their online store is not fresh. This has resulted into creation of situation where, there is only a small fraction of customer segment in Europe who wants to use online grocery shopping sites. Due to which organisations are finding it difficult to remain profitable and sustain their online operations (Bevan Murphy, 2011). Supply side problem: It has been observed that for most of the online grocery retailers, online grocery transactions are not generating profit. For them, online grocery shopping site is an extension to their existing brick and mortar business model of retailing. This doesnt means that there are no pure online grocery shopping organisation, but they are relatively small in scale and do not have that amount of capital to invest as compared to large retailers (Huang Oppewal , 2010). That is why; large or small online shopping organisations are finding it difficult to achieve profitability through their online grocery shopping model. Most of them are using it to increase their volume of sales, rather than improving their value of sales. Variable cost in the online environment is relatively high, as compared to the brick and mortar model, also due to maintenance of warehouse, website and a dedicated supply chain to handle delivery of the order, there has been significant increase in the operational expenses of the European organisations. Despite of above mentioned challenges, organisations are trying to excel in areas such as product deliveries, customer servicing and supply chain management. In this regard it is important to mention the effort these online grocery shopping website are putting into customer services. In online grocery shopping environment, customer servicing the key essence, if due to any bad delivery of the grocery item which might have issues such freshness, or wrong item etc. then it has direct impact on the customer servicing quality, and in present business environment customer is one such stakeholder who is not forgiving at all. With so many competitors ready to poach the customer, there is no dearth of options for customer in retail segment, however companies are ensuring that there customer service remains of high quality. Many retailers have offered fixed delivery time for the ordered item, along with several discounts etc. Organisations are having dedicated customer servicing department whi ch is handling all the issues being logged in through the online grocery shopping websites. Product delivery is another aspect which organisations are increasingly focusing upon, this is one major reason behind improvement in the delivery time and other related aspect with the product delivery. In grocery shopping through online medium, and especially for food items, if the products are not delivered in time then possibility is high that customer might receive stale food item, which might create a major dent on customer trust. That is why; companies are working extensively in improvement of their supply chain. Product delivery is also from supply chains perspective. An efficient and timely delivery of the product is directly associated with the reduction in the operational expenses of the organisation and improvement in the customer experience (Schuster, A., Sporn, 2008). Overall it can be said that online grocery shopping is still in a nascent stage in major part of Europe, including United Kingdom. However, this also translates into the fact that there is tremendous scope of growth for companies existing in online grocery shopping business model. However to reap the benefit of this situation it is important for the retail organisations to have dedicated online retail strategy rather than mixing it up with their existing brick and mortar based business model. (2) Australian online store identified for this task is https://coles.com.au. In terms of performance, it can be said Coles is part of Coles supermarket, which is a supermarket chain owned by Wesfarmers, founded in 1914 in Victoria. Performance Coles.com.au is much better as compared to other online grocery shopping websites in Europe. There are multiple reasons behind better performance. Coles has total assets of A$19.08 billion, which is a big support for the online grocery shopping website of Cole. Due to profitability of its brick and mortal model business, Coles has been able to offer exciting discounts to its customers. It can be said that Coles is capable of offering hybrid services that means that Coles offers services in form of Store to home, click-and-collect along with its traditional brick and mortar model of business. For an Australian seller like Cole, there are numerous competitive advantages such as: Ease of business: Firstly unlike Europe, where European Union plays a major role in decisions related to retail business, apart from policies of EU, there are various policies at local level as well for each country. This has resulted into a highly fragmented environment in which these online shopping grocery websites have to do business, that is why at times reach of these business remains very restricted due to variation in various compliance related laws etc. Unlike Europe, Australia is free from such issue. It has its central and state government which takes decision in uniform manner. Due to uniformity and clarity on the policy front new as well as existing organisations are increasingly opening up to setup new online grocery websites. In nutshell it can be said that compared to Europe, Australia offers a higher ease of business factor, due to which more and more organisations are willing to start online grocery shopping websites (Hand et al, 2009). Age factor of target customer segment: Age of its target customer base is one major advantage which Australian sellers have with them. On one hand Europe as a continent is suffering from issue of ageing population, where in Australia there is advantage that a major part of the population falls in the age group of 20-45 years which is most net-savvy and inclined towards using online grocery shopping websites for their grocery shopping requirements. Customer in the age group of 45-65 years is already well tuned to shop from brick and mortar model of grocery shopping, and they are often reluctant to use internet to do their grocery shopping. That is why companies in Europe find it hard to increase their target customer base since there is already a saturation level in their ideal customer base. However there are certain areas on which Australian sellers are falling behind. For example lack of quality in the product is one area which needs to be improved. It is not like that all online retailers have this issue, or they are intentionally offering low quality products, but this is issue is more due to the fact that Australian online grocery shopping scenario is still in nascent stage like Europe, due to which many times such issues unintentionally are taking place. With sudden emergence of internet based business model in retailing, many companies entered into this sector without proper business strategy, and vision of their supply chain management for specially catering to demand form online channel. This has resulted into a situation where companies are taking time to consolidate their business setup and overall logistical, in this process at times customers face issues related to quality of the product which is delivered to them. Another area in which Australian sellers can improve upon is the marketing and customer servicing aspect. Unlike European sellers who are extremely cautious about their brand image, Australian sellers are yet to show that seriousness. These companies in Australia have grown more through organic route rather than growing through extensive marketing efforts. If these companies can put more effort in marketing field, then definitely there can be further boost to the overall profitability of the company. Australian companies can focus more on improvement on their e-commerce technologies and existing business processes. For example, currently majority of people are shopping by using laptops and other devices and by accessing the website. However, consumer behaviour is fast changing towards use of smart phones and mobile devices to complete their shopping. That is why it is important for organisations such as Coles, to take proactive steps in that direction and launch mobile based application for mobile grocery shopping. This will ensure that more customers are encouraged towards use of mobile devices to do their grocery shopping. However it is also important for organisations to ensure that in a case like this where mobile based shopping application is being promoted, they needs to make sure that overall customer experience remains same and seamless in nature. Customer should not feel difference in the user experience when he website as compared to a situation when he does the same th ing in mobile application. Overall it can be said that despite of challenges and issues online grocery shopping has a tremendous future. Only important thing which will ensure that maximum benefit is extracted from this situation is proper business strategies of the organisations into this field. References Bevan, J., Murphy, R. (2011). The nature of value created by UK online grocery retailers.International Journal of Consumer Studies,25(4), 279-289. Hand, C., Riley, F. D. O., Harris, P., Singh, J., Rettie, R. (2009). Online grocery shopping: the influence of situational factors.European Journal of Marketing,43(9/10), 1205-1219. Huang, Y., Oppewal, H. (2010). Why consumers hesitate to shop online: An experimental choice analysis of grocery shopping and the role of delivery fees.International Journal of Retail Distribution Management,34(4/5), 334-353. Rohm, A. J., Swaminathan, V. (2014). A typology of online shoppers based on shopping motivations.Journal of business research,57(7), 748-757. Schuster, A., Sporn, B. (2008). Potential for online grocery shopping in the urban area of Vienna.Electronic Markets,8(2), 13-16.

Monday, March 30, 2020

Unseen poetry a marriage Essay Example For Students

Unseen poetry a marriage Essay Throughout the poem, many of the poets feelings are presented to the reader, Blumenthal believes that life without marriage is a struggle, and he incorporates this feeling into the poem by using an extended metaphor. The opening 2 lines of the poem states you are holding up a ceiling, with both arms. It is very heavy, automatically the poet launches into the metaphor, Blumenthal uses the ceiling as metaphor for life. The first stanza emphasizes the day to day struggles of life and ailing with it alone, Blumenthal uses day during the first stanza to show how slowly time passes whilst you are dealing with the pressures of life on your own, In comparison to the use of years In the third stanza, putting forward the poets view that when you have someone to share the responsibilities of life with, time moves faster. We will write a custom essay on Unseen poetry a marriage specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The sentence lengths also show the difference In time passing In the first and second stanzas, during the first stanza, the sentences are long and the frequent use f enjambment, such as line 1 -? 2 make the pace slower, Glenn the sense of time passing slowly. The poem presents the feelings of the poet by using effective language devices. Opening the poem with You leads you to put yourself in the situation, meaning the poem becomes more alive and has meaning to you. Sing the second person puts the reader in the driving seat, with lines such as you are holding up a ceiling with both arms. It is very heavy, the ceiling metaphorically meaning life, makes you think about weight life has on you as the reader. The use of ;but you must hold it up, or else leaves you on edge, to think about the possible consequences if you did not hold up the ceiling that in this instance is your life. As the poem progresses and the idea of a partner is introduced, you begin to think about how much easier life would be if someone where there to help you. During the first stanza, Blumenthal uses a monotonous tone to express the discontent a person would have if dealing with life alone, however in the second stanza, Blumenthal hangers the tone of the poem suddenly to rather positive. He explains how life becomes much easier when you get married; Someone Walks into the room and holds their arms up to the ceiling beside you. This is symbolizing the support you gain from getting married. Walks into the room is a metaphor, talking specifically about someone walking into your life and taking the weight from your shoulders. The varied tone throughout this poem lifts the mood at points where Blumenthal has more positive opinions.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Requisitos para Dreamers para sacar permiso para viajar

Requisitos para Dreamers para sacar permiso para viajar Los Dreamers, es decir, los muchachos indocumentados que llegaron a Estados Unidos siendo nià ±os, y que tienen DACA aprobado podà ­an  obtener un permiso para viajar fuera de los Estados Unidos y regresar si cumplà ­an una serie de requisitos.   Todo ha cambiado con las declaraciones del fiscal general Jeff Sessions con fecha del 5 de septiembre de 2017. Por otro lado, la orden judicial del juez William Alsup que reinstaura parcialmente DACA con fecha de 9 de enero de 2018, no protege a los jà ³venes que salen de Estados Unidos y posteriormente desean regresar. Por lo tanto en este aspecto en concreto no se modifica lo decido por gobierno en Septiembre de 2017. Asà ­, en primer lugar si un Dreamer habà ­a solicitado un permiso para viajar mediante el formulario I-131 y la solicitud tiene fecha de aprobacià ³n del 5 de septiembre o anterior, podà ­a viajar y en principio no deberà ­a haber problema. Sin embargo, como es un asunto delicado con consecuencias posibles muy graves, es una buena idea asesorarse con una organizacià ³n de apoyo a Dreamers o con un abogado y, en caso de duda, no viajar. Incluso se recomienda hablar con un abogado que està © presente en el aeropuerto el dà ­a del regreso, por si hubiera algà ºn problema. En segundo lugar si no ha pedido el permiso para viajar, no hacerlo despuà ©s de esa fecha, ya que no ser tramitado. En tercer lugar si se pidià ³ el permiso para viajar antes de esa fecha y se est pendiente de una respuesta hay que saber que el USCIS no aprobar el permiso, pero regresar el dinero pagado en concepto de cuota. Demanda de los estados en contra de decisià ³n de Trump de finalizar DACA 15  estados y el Distrito de Columbia   han sumado sus esfuerzos para presentar una demanda en contra del gobierno federal por la decisià ³n de Trump de finalizar el programa DACA. La demanda, que ha sido presentada en el Distrito Este del estado de Nueva York, est liderada por el fiscal general de ese estado y la de Massachusetts. Adems, se han unido los de Carolina del Norte, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Nuevo Mà ©xico, Oregà ³n, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington y el Distrito de Columbia. Los estados argumentan que la decisià ³n de Trump de finalizar DACA viola en dos ocasiones la Ley de Procedimiento Administrativo. Adems, violarà ­a la proteccià ³n otorgadas por la Constitucià ³n al  debido proceso. Finalmente, tambià ©n serà ­a contraria a la Constitucià ³n porque violarà ­a el derecho a la igualdad ante la ley. En este punto se argumenta que la decisià ³n de Trump tiene por objeto perjudicar a un grupo de personas por razones de su origen, ya que cuatro de cada cinco muchachos beneficiados por DACA son mexicanos o centroamericanos. Se espera ahora una batalla legal. Todo lo que sigue a continuacià ³n ya tiene solo un valor histà ³rico porque como se ha explicado, ya no se puede aplicar. La Accià ³n Diferida (DACA) como requisito  esencial para el permiso de viajar Los Dreamers  sà ³lo pueden solicitar el permiso para viajar si tienen ya en mano aprobada la Accià ³n Diferida, que se conoce en inglà ©s por las siglas de DACA. DACA es una medida adoptada por el Presidente Barack Obama el 15 de junio de 2012 que permite a los Dreamers que cumplen con ciertos requisitos de edad, residencia, estudios e historial aplicar por una semi- legalizacià ³n. En la prctica supone que el Dreamer al que se le concede la Accià ³n Diferida no puede ser deportado. Adems, pueden obtener una licencia de manejar sin restricciones, un Nà ºmero del Seguro Social, abrir una cuenta de banco y, en determinados casos, aplicar por un permiso de trabajo. Una vez que tienen DACA aprobado pueden solicitar,  previo pago de un arancel,  un permiso para viajar fuera de los Estados Unidos, que se conoce por su nombre en inglà ©s de  advance parole. Nunca pedir el permiso para viajar sin tener DACA aprobado ni tampoco si se est pendiente de su renovacià ³n. Quà © es este advance parole y quà © requisitos  aplican para los Dreamers El advance parole un permiso para  viajar fuera de Estados Unidos y, lo ms importante, regresar. Es una autorizacià ³n que tambià ©n aplica a otro tipo de migrantes, pero a cada categorà ­a les aplica distintos requisitos. No confundirse en este punto al llenar la peticià ³n. Se solicita rellenando el formulario I-131, que se conoce en inglà ©s por el nombre de Application for Travel Document.   Para los   Dreamers es necesario que el permiso para viajar se pida para un viaje en concreto. Excepto si se sabe con antelacià ³n que se necesita realizar varios viajes, por ejemplo, a varios seminarios. En este caso y si se sabe la fecha de cada uno, solicitar todos esos viajes en la misma aplicacià ³n al llenar el formulario I-131, explicando las razones de cada uno de esos viajes. Adems  no se puede viajar por cualquier razà ³n,  sino por una que encaje en alguna de las siguientes: Por cuestià ³n humanitaria, por ejemplo, para visitar a un familiar cercano enfermo.Razones educativas, como un semestre en el exteriorPor trabajo, como visitar clientes, un congreso, un seminario, etc. Es decir, no se puede viajar por vacaciones. Cuando se aplica enviar, adems del pago, la documentacià ³n que se pide. Tener en cuenta que si DACA fue aprobado por el Servicio de Inmigracià ³n y Ciudadanà ­a (USCIS) se necesita adjuntar una copia del documento que se conoce como I-797 Notice of Action, que es la carta en la que se notifica la aprobacià ³n de la Accià ³n Diferida. Por el contrario  si fue ICE quien concedià ³ la accià ³n diferida, se tiene que enviar la notificacià ³n de esta agencia en la que asà ­ consta. Documentos para el viaje de salida desde  Estados Unidos Hay dos posibles situaciones: Si un Dreamer viaja a su propio paà ­s, necesita el pasaporte de su paà ­s que debe ser vlido por al menos otros seis meses. Adems, necesita llevar el permiso de viaje aprobado.Por el contrario, si viaja a un tercer paà ­s, deber adems asegurarse de si necesita solicitar visa antes de viajar a ese paà ­s. Por ejemplo, para viajar a paà ­ses como Italia, Espaà ±a, Francia o Alemania, los cubanos y bolivianos necesitan visa Schengen. Si se viaja a Mà ©xico, un destino muy comà ºn desde los Estados Unidos, un buen nà ºmero de paà ­ses necesitan la visa, como por ejemplo Repà ºblica Dominicana, Guatemala, El Salvador o Cuba. Consultar siempre antes de viajar con la pgina web de la embajada del paà ­s que se desea visitar. Por supuesto no se necesita un permiso de viaje advance parole para dentro de los Estados Unidos, incluidos los estados de Hawaii y Alaska y el avià ³n. Y tambià ©n se puede ir sin problemas a los miembros de la Commonwealth de los Estados Unidos, como Puerto Rico, Guam, Samoa o Islas Và ­rgenes Americanas. Cà ³mo es el regreso a Estados Unidos para Dreamers con permiso para viajar Se puede ingresar por avià ³n, barco o por una frontera terrestre. Hay que esperar un control migratorio por parte de un agente de la CBP y otro aduanero, que pueden ser muy rpidos. Estos son los documentos necesarios: Pasaporte sin expirar con una validez mà ­nima de seis mesesEl premiso de viaje aprobado Adems  se recomienda llevar: Permiso de trabajo, si se tieneLicencia de manejar, si se tieneCopia del documento en el que USCIS aprobà ³ la peticià ³n de DACATodos los documentos que sirvan para probar la razà ³n del viaje al extranjero (invitacià ³n a Congresos, documentos mà ©dicos de situacià ³n de un familiar muy cercano, transcripciones de estudios, etc). Y por supuesto no est dems tener siempre a mano el telà ©fono de un abogado migratorio de confianza. Adems, por precaucià ³n dejar siempre una copia en casa en los Estados Unidos de todos esos documentos. En caso de robo, extravà ­o o problemas migratorios siempre est bien tener una copia donde aparecen datos como los nà ºmeros que lo identifican, fechas de aprobacià ³n, expiracià ³n, etc. El oficial migratorio har como mà ­nimo una pregunta. Cabe esperar que se refiera a la razà ³n del viaje, tiempo que se permanecià ³ fuera de los Estados Unidos, quà © se hace aquà ­, etc. Este es un listado de preguntas comunes a cualquier persona que llega  a un control migratorio  de los Estados Unidos.   Despuà ©s se pasar por un control aduanero. Quà © hay que tener en cuenta para no tener problemas con  permiso para viajar Estos son los consejos que se deben seguir: 1. Absolutamente sà ³lo permanecer fuera de los Estados Unidos dentro de las fechas aprobadas en el permiso para viajar. Por ejemplo, si se viaja a un congreso que finaliza un dà ­a en concreto, solicitar un par de dà ­as ms para el caso sorpresas de à ºltima hora que impidan viajar. Asà ­ siempre se tendrà ­an unos dà ­as de margen para bregar con imprevistos. 2. Planificar con tiempo. Chequear cundo expira el DACA que se tiene actualmente, ya que no se puede pedir un permiso de viajar si DACA est pendiente de ser renovado. Pedir el permiso para viajar al menos 90 dà ­as antes del viaje. 3. Si se llega por mar o aire, el oficial migratorio siempre estampar el pasaporte, quedando asà ­ constancia de la fecha de regreso a los Estados Unidos y, por lo tanto, de que se cumplià ³ con las fechas aprobadas en el permiso de viaje. En el caso de llegar por una frontera terrestre, es muy importante asegurarse de que tambià ©n sellan el pasaporte. Si no lo hacen, solicitar que asà ­ se realice. Asà ­ se evitan potenciales problemas en el futuro. 4. No viajar fuera de los Estados Unidos jams sin este permiso, ya que se dar por terminado DACA y pueden impedir el regreso. Pero,  ¿es conveniente viajar fuera de Estados Unidos? Hay bastante unanimidad entre los abogados y expertos en este tema para opinar que los Dreamers que han acumulado ms de 180 dà ­as (seis meses) de presencia ilegal en Estados Unidos sà ³lo deberà ­an aplicar tras consultar con un experto y entender quà © puede ir mal. La razà ³n es que puede suceder que aunque el advance parole les sea concedido puede que cuando intentan regresar a Estados Unidos y lleguen al control de inmigracià ³n se encuentren con la realidad de que se les aplica la norma conocida como castigo de los tres y diez aà ±os. Y todos los dà ­as se ven casos en las aduanas en los que inmigrantes con un advance parole en la mano se encuentran con la desagradable sorpresa de que no se les permite entrar a Estados Unidos, alterndose asà ­ de un modo significativo sus vidas. Quà © se recomienda hacer en estos casos En primer lugar resaltar que hay otros casos en los que estar sin estatus no equivale necesariamente a acumular dà ­a de presencia ilegal. Por ejemplo, la acumulacià ³n de dà ­as calificados como presencia ilegal no ocurre cuando el inmigrante es menor de edad. Pero una vez que se han cumplido los 18 aà ±os de edad, sà ­ que se acumula el tiempo. En estos casos es muy recomendable contactar con un abogado bueno experto en inmigracià ³n, y, a poder ser, en el tema de la accià ³n diferida. Y en una cita analizar con detenimiento cules son los riesgos, quà © puede pasar y las circunstancias del caso de cada uno. Y desde luego siempre asesorarse con un abogado en casos experiencias de arrestos, deportaciones previas, posibilidad de tener una orden de deportacià ³n pendiente o estar en el medio de un proceso de este tipo. Informacià ³n de interà ©s para Dreamers que desean viajar a otro paà ­s La US-Mexico Foundation est convocando anualmente programas, como Dreamers without Borders, para viajar a Mà ©xico a mexicanos con DACA que nunca han estado en su paà ­s desde que ingresaron a los Estados Unidos siendo nià ±os.   Finalmente  los interesados en las experiencias de otros Dreamers con advance parole, se puede consultar la pgina de Facebook Traveling Abroad with DACA. Este es un artà ­culo informativo. No es asesorà ­a legal.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Principles of Microeconomics Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Principles of Microeconomics - Research Paper Example a single buyer in the entire business setting. Entry in such a market is restricted as a result of high cost or due to impediments which may be social, economic or even political. For instance the government can opt to create a monopoly over an industry. On the other side, monopolistic competition is generally a type of imperfect competition in that the competing producers sell products which are totally different from each other as goods but not necessarily perfect substitutes (Kamien 1982). Therefore, in a monopolistically competitive market, different firms can behave as if they are monopolies in the short-run by using market power to generate more profits. Later in the long-run, once other firms enter the same market, the benefits will be shared among them and the overall profit due to differential will considerably decrease with increase in competition. Having understood the basic principles about monopoly and monopolistically market structure, now it is very easy to anally the case in hand. As mentioned in the question, that in the year 2007 potato chip industry was operating as under monopolistically market. ... In most cases, it is argued that a multi-producer monopolist will always charge a lower price as compared tom firms operating separately producing the same complement products (Ralf 2000). As a result of lower pricing, demand will be higher since more customers are encouraged to buy at a lower price. The result is that, in the long run is that there will be a shortage of production because monopolistic generally produces less product than that society efficient level of output. In the long run, the price of commodities will be much higher due to less supply in the market. The strategy here is that, profit made earlier and being part of the surplus, it is transferred from consumers to the producers and this creates a social cost which arises from inefficiency low output that ends up to a dead weight loss. Immediately after transformation into a monopoly market the result would be realized within a short duration. For instance, due to monopoly the prices charged are much higher because there is no close substitute for the product. Those are at a disadvantage are the low income consumers who might be exploited by such a monopoly market where prices are a bit higher (Mckenzie 2008) Thought to producer high prices contribute to increase in the profit made by the firm. These benefits will be transferred to stakeholders whose main objective is after profit maximization. Though that may be the case, but sometime, a firm may not enjoy the domestic monopoly power, rather face an intense competition from other oversee producers. This tends to limit their market power and instead help in keeping prices lower for the consumers. Once manager has received such profits both in the short run and in the long run, they will distribute it